The Effect of Problem Solving Technique and Motivation Toward Students' Writing Skills

Rona Rossa, Rina Hayati Maulidiah, Yen Aryni


Abstract: This study was conducted to find out the effect of Problem Solving technique and motivation toward students’ writing skills in STKIP Adzkia. This research was based on the problems which were occurred in the writing class. The students at STKIP Adzkia did not sufficiently-learn skills on how to make a good paragraph, how to get many ideas when they start their writings and how to arrange their ideas systematically. This research was a quasi-experimental research with factorial design 2x2. The instruments that were used for this research were writing test and motivation questionnaire. T-test analysis and two ways ANOVA analysis were used in analyzing the data. The result of this research revealed that: (1) Students who were taught by Problem Solving Technique were better than students who were taught by brainstorming technique toward students’ writing skill; (2) Students who had high motivation and were taught by Problem Solving Technique were better than who thought by Brainstorming technique; (3) Students who had low motivation and were taught by Problem Solving Technique were better than who were thought by Brainstorming technique; (4) There was no interaction between technique and motivation toward students’ writing skill. The Findings had been proven that Problem Solving technique gave significant impact on students’ writing skills.


Keywords: Problem Solving technique; motivation; writing skill



Abstrak: Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui pengaruh teknik Problem Solving dan motivasi terhadap keterampilan menulis siswa di STKIP Adzkia. Penelitian ini didasarkan pada masalah yang terjadi di kelas menulis. Mahasiswa STKIP Adzkia tidak cukup mempelajari keterampilan membuat paragraf yang baik, cara mendapatkan banyak ide saat memulai tulisan dan cara menyusun ide secara sistematis. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimen semu dengan desain faktorial 2x2. Instrumen yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah tes menulis dan angket motivasi. Analisis uji-t dan analisis ANOVA dua arah digunakan dalam menganalisis data. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: (1) Siswa yang diajar dengan Teknik Problem Solving lebih baik daripada siswa yang diajar dengan teknik brainstorming terhadap keterampilan menulis siswa; (2) Siswa yang memiliki motivasi tinggi dan diajar dengan Teknik Problem Solving lebih baik daripada siswa yang berpikir dengan teknik Brainstorming; (3) Siswa yang memiliki motivasi rendah dan diajar dengan Teknik Pemecahan Masalah lebih baik daripada yang berpikir dengan teknik Brainstorming; (4) Tidak ada interaksi antara teknik dan motivasi terhadap keterampilan menulis siswa. Temuan telah membuktikan bahwa teknik Problem Solving memberikan dampak yang signifikan terhadap keterampilan menulis siswa.


Kata kunci: Teknik Pemecahan Masalah; motivasi; keterampilan menulis

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